By Iris Murdoch
In a dismal comedy of error, Iris Murdoch portrays the mischief wrought by way of Julius, a cynical highbrow who makes a decision to illustrate via a Machiavellian scan how simply loving undefined, worrying buddies, and committed siblings can betray their loyalties. As puppet grasp, Julius artfully performs at the human tendency to embody drama and intrigue and to want the distraction of confrontations to the tricky attempt of speaking overtly and in truth.
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Extra info for A Fairly Honourable Defeat
These debates were hardly theoretical舒the Russian intelligentsia of the nineteenth century was confronted with a series of pressing social problems in the wake of the midcentury reforms. 舡 Leading ideological positions among the intelligentsia were polarized according to whether one believed that social problems should be solved by retaining traditional, native Russian mores and practices, or trusted that theoretical and technologically advanced approaches, derived from Western Europe, could be imported and adapted to local Russian conditions.
The double construction of the novel and its insistent and repeated oppositions reflect a very real polarity in the Russian intelligentsia of the day, so that both plots of the novel舒the adulterous love story and the acquisition of family and estate舒articulate contemporary cultural anxieties. These concerns may be summarized in the still-ongoing debates about Russia and the West. These debates were hardly theoretical舒the Russian intelligentsia of the nineteenth century was confronted with a series of pressing social problems in the wake of the midcentury reforms.
Neither philosophy nor organized religion could soothe his ennui or lead him to understand how he could live a meaningful life. 舡 Sophia, overextended from perpetual pregnancies and wifely duties, responded to her husband舗s increasing spiritual unrest with incomprehension. The marriage suffered terribly and never quite recovered from that period of unhappiness. His writing suffered as well. In the years following his conversion, Tolstoy renounced his earlier masterpieces as worldly trash and devoted his talents to hortatory essays and revisions of the New Testament.
A Fairly Honourable Defeat by Iris Murdoch