By A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov
hemistry is the technology approximately breaking and forming of bonds among atoms. the most vital methods for natural chemistry is breaking bonds C–H, in addition to C–C in numerous compounds, and essentially, in hydrocarbons. between hydrocarbons, saturated hydrocarbons, alkanes (methane, ethane, propane, hexane and so forth. ), are specifically appealing as substrates for chemical variations. it's because, at the one hand, alkanes are the most materials of oil and typical fuel, and hence are the central feedstocks for chemical undefined. nonetheless, those ingredients are identified to be the fewer reactive natural compounds. Saturated hydrocarbons can be known as the “noble gases of natural chemistry” and, if this is the case, the 1st consultant in their kin – methane – will be in comparison with tremendous inert helium. As in all comparisons, this parallel among noble gases and alkanes isn't totally actual. certainly the modifications of alkanes, together with methane, were identified for a very long time. those reactions contain the interplay with molecular oxygen from air (burning – the most resource of energy!), in addition to a few mutual interconversions of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. although, a lot of these changes happen at increased temperatures (higher than 300–500 °C) and are typically characterised by means of an absence of selectivity. The conversion of alkanes into carbon dioxide and water in the course of burning is a really beneficial approach – yet no longer from a chemist viewpoint.
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Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Metal Complexes by A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov